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disintegrate

dis·in·te·grate

disintegrate

pronunciation:
dihs In t greIt
parts of speech:
intransitive verb, transitive verb
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: intransitive verb
inflections: disintegrated, disintegrates, disintegrating
definition 1: to come apart; break down into component parts or fragments.
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synonyms:
break, crumble, dissolve, shatter
antonyms:
unite
similar words:
decompose, disband, disperse, molder, scatter
definition 2: to decay or be transformed, as an atomic nucleus bombarded by high-energy particles.
similar words:
decompose
 
part of speech: transitive verb
definition: to break down or reduce to component parts; destroy.
synonyms:
decompose, dissolve, molder, shatter
antonyms:
integrate, unite
similar words:
crumble, destroy, disband, disperse
derivations: disintegrative (adj.), disintegration (n.), disintegrator (n.)
Word Parts
The word disintegrate contains the following parts:
dis- Latin prefix that means not; apart; reverse, negate
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The prefix dis- occurs in English attached to Latin roots, as in dissent , but also forms words in English by attaching to verbs (dishearten ) and nouns (disbelief ). dis- has two other forms, as the "s" sound in dis- assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See the assimilated forms dif- and di-3.
synonyms:
de-, un-
 
integ Latin root that means whole
-ate1 Latin verb-forming suffix that means to make, cause, do
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The suffix -ate primarily forms transitive verbs from Latin bases. Many -ate verbs were loanwords from Latin. Verbs ending in -ate combine with the suffix -ion to form nouns ending in -ation. These verbs also have corresponding agent nouns ending in -ator (navigator, dictator, elevator).