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abrasive

a·bra·sive

abrasive

 
pronunciation:
breI sihv
parts of speech:
noun, adjective
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition: something rough used to wear away or polish a surface.
Sandpaper is used as an abrasive on wood.
similar words:
cleanser, emery, file, grindstone, rasp, sandpaper
 
part of speech: adjective
definition: scratchy, harsh, or irritating.
This cleanser is too abrasive to use on the china.He has an abrasive laugh.
synonyms:
harsh
antonyms:
mild
similar words:
coarse, cutting, rough
derivations: abrasively (adv.), abrasiveness (n.)
Word Parts
The word abrasive contains the following parts:
ab-, abs- Latin prefix that means from, away from
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Most words containing the prefix ab- , abs- are Latin loanwords, so the bases are Latin roots. ab- becomes abs- before bases beginning with "t," such as "tract."
ras, rad, raz Latin root that means scrape
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-ive, -ative Latin adjective-forming suffix that means tending to, connected with, or performing
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The suffix -ive , -ative turns Latinate verb bases into adjectives. Many adjectives ending in -ive , -ative have corresponding noun forms ending in -ity (objective , objectivity) or -ion (effusive , effusion).