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expensive

ex·pen·sive

expensive

 
pronunciation:
ihk spen sihv
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: adjective
definition: costing a lot of money; having a high price.
She wanted the most expensive sneakers in the store.New cars are expensive.
synonyms:
costly, dear
antonyms:
cheap, inexpensive
similar words:
excessive, extravagant, high, lavish, precious, priceless, steep, stiff, valuable
derivations: expensively (adv.), expensiveness (n.)
Word Parts
The word expensive contains the following parts:
ex- Latin prefix that means out, out of, away from
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The prefix ex- was a Latin preposition and prefix and occurs in English in Latin loanwords, such as exit and expel . It has multiple forms, as the 'x' sound in ex- assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See its assimilated forms e-, ef-, and es-. ex- is also used in the formation of English words such as "ex-partner," where it means "formerly having the status of."
synonyms:
extr-, extra-, exter-
 
pend, pens Latin root that means hang; weigh; spend
-ive, -ative Latin adjective-forming suffix that means tending to, connected with, or performing
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The suffix -ive , -ative turns Latinate verb bases into adjectives. Many adjectives ending in -ive , -ative have corresponding noun forms ending in -ity (objective , objectivity) or -ion (effusive , effusion).