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abstain

ab·stain

abstain

 
pronunciation:
b steIn
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: verb
inflections: abstained, abstaining, abstains
definition 1: to choose not to do something.
He abstained from dessert because he had eaten too much already.
antonyms:
indulge
similar words:
decline, fast, keep, quit
definition 2: to choose not to take part in a decision.
She abstained from voting in the election.
antonyms:
vote
similar words:
decline, withhold
Word Parts
The word abstain contains the following parts:
ab-, abs- Latin prefix that means from, away from
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
Most words containing the prefix ab- , abs- are Latin loanwords, so the bases are Latin roots. ab- becomes abs- before bases beginning with "t," such as "tract."