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hostage

hos·tage

hostage

 
 
pronunciation:
ha stihj
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition: someone held prisoner by a person or group trying to force another person or group to meet certain demands.
Word Parts
The word hostage contains the following parts:
host2 Latin root that means stranger, enemy
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-age Latin noun-forming suffix that means act, process, or result of (the action indicated by the verb base)
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The suffix -age attaches primarily to bases that are English verbs to form nouns. Base-final y becomes i and base-final silent e is dropped before ľage (carry + -age > carriage , store + -age > storage ) Some nouns ending in -age are loan words from French (voyage , courage ) whose bases are Latin roots.