|part of speech:
||to be forced to; have to or need to.
We must breathe in order to live.
||to be required to; ought to; should;.
Children must attend school.
||used to command or suggest.
You must not pull the cat's tail!
||to be likely to.
The road is wet, so it must have rained.
must or have to?
share the meaning of necessity to do something. Have to
is used most often in everyday conversation. Must
is more often used in writing or in a formal setting. But for the meaning of must
in a sentence such as You must be joking!
, both have to
are very common in conversation. You need to be careful, though, to choose between have to
when your sentence uses not
. In negative sentences, have to
have different meanings, as you can see in the examples below.
- You have to leave tomorrow.
- You must leave tomorrow.
- You do not have to leave tomorrow. (You can leave tomorrow if you want, or you can stay, or you can leave some other time.)
- You must not leave tomorrow. (You do not have permission to leave tomorrow.)