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shorten

short·en

shorten

 
 
pronunciation:
shor tn
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: verb
inflections: shortened, shortening, shortens
definition 1: to make shorter.
I shortened the dress by three inches.
synonyms:
abbreviate, cut
antonyms:
expand, extend, lengthen, prolong
similar words:
abridge, chip, condense, contract, crop, decrease, diminish, pare, reduce, shrink, trim
definition 2: to become shorter.
As winter approaches, the days shorten.
antonyms:
lengthen
similar words:
contract, shrink
derivations: shortened (adj.), shortener (n.)
Word Parts
The word shorten contains the following part:
-en1 Old English verb-forming suffix that means to cause to be or become or have
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
The suffix -en1 forms verbs from monosyllabic English adjectives.