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surprise

sur·prise

surprise

 
 
pronunciation:
sr praIz [or] s praIz
parts of speech:
verb, noun
features:
Word History, Word Builder, Word Explorer, Word Parts
part of speech: verb
inflections: surprised, surprises, surprising
definition 1: to catch off guard; come upon or occur to suddenly.
He surprised her with a kiss.The blizzard surprised the whole town.
similar words:
amaze, catch, startle
definition 2: to cause a feeling of wonder in; amaze.
Vicky's ability in chess surprised us.
synonyms:
amaze, astonish, astound, bowl over
similar words:
awe, floor, shock, stagger, startle, stun
 
part of speech: noun
definition 1: the act of surprising.
Tell me what your plan is because I hate surprises.
definition 2: the state of being surprised, astonished, or struck with wonder.
He could not hide his surprise at seeing his old enemy after so many years.
synonyms:
amazement, astonishment
definition 3: that which brings about such a state.
Winning the lottery was a surprise.
derivations: surprisedly (adv.), surpriser (n.)
Word History
When it entered the English language from early French, surprise meant "to overtake."
Word Builder: surprise +
  • surprised:
    showing surprise.
  • surprising:
    causing surprise.
Word Explorer
See
  emotion, fear
Word Parts
The word surprise contains the following part:
pris, -prise, prehens, -prehend Latin root that means take, grasp