Children's, Intermediate and Advanced Online English Dictionary & Thesaurus

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surprise

sur·prise

surprise

 
 
pronunciation:
sr praIz [or] s praIz
parts of speech:
transitive verb, noun
features:
Word Combinations (verb, noun), Word History, Word Builder, Word Explorer, Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: surprised, surprises, surprising
definition 1: to catch unawares; occur to unexpectedly.
He surprised her with a kiss.
similar words:
amaze, catch, startle
definition 2: to prompt a feeling of wonder in; amaze.
His rough language surprised everyone.
synonyms:
amaze, astonish, astound, bowl over
similar words:
awe, dumbfound, flabbergast, floor, shock, stagger, startle, stun, stupefy
definition 3: to attack without warning.
The troops surprised the enemy at dawn.
synonyms:
ambuscade, ambush, bushwhack
similar words:
jump
definition 4: to cause (someone) to react in a way that was not intended.
synonyms:
startle
similar words:
disconcert, fluster, ruffle, shock, unnerve
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part of speech: noun
definition 1: the act of surprising.
definition 2: the state of being surprised, astonished, or struck with wonder.
synonyms:
amazement, astonishment, wonderment
definition 3: that which brings about such a state.
synonyms:
bombshell, shocker, stunner
definition 4: anything unexpected.
similar words:
twist
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derivations: surprisedly (adv.), surpriser (n.)
Word History
When it entered the English language from early French, surprise meant "to overtake."
Word Builder: surprise +
  • surprised:
    showing surprise.
  • surprising:
    causing surprise.
Word Explorer
See
  emotion, fear
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