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chasten

chas·ten

chasten

 
 
pronunciation:
cheI sn
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: chastened, chastening, chastens
definition 1: to awaken conscience or bring about moral improvement through suffering, discipline, or punishment.
His reckless driving had nearly caused a child's death and the experience chastened him.
synonyms:
discipline, punish
antonyms:
pamper
similar words:
castigate, chastise, correct, penalize
definition 2: to subdue or restrain.
He determined to chasten his temper and act more calmly in the future.Observing the performances of the other competitors chastened his hopes of a win.
synonyms:
control, curb, restrain, subdue
similar words:
moderate, tame, tone down
definition 3: to make chaste; purify.
synonyms:
cleanse, purify
antonyms:
corrupt
derivations: chasteningly (adv.), chastener (n.), chastenment (n.)
Word Parts
The word chasten contains the following part:
-en1 Old English verb-forming suffix that means to cause to be or become or have
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
The suffix -en1 forms verbs from monosyllabic English adjectives.