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aggravate

ag·gra·vate

aggravate

 
 
pronunciation:
ae gr veIt
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: aggravated, aggravates, aggravating
definition 1: to make worse.
Her illness was aggravated by lack of sleep.
synonyms:
exacerbate, worsen
antonyms:
allay, alleviate, appease, assuage, ease, heal, mitigate, moderate, quell, relieve, soothe
similar words:
deepen, exasperate, heighten, increase, intensify
definition 2: (informal) to annoy or bother.
He was aggravated by his inability to find the right word.
synonyms:
annoy, bother, exasperate, irritate, nettle, peeve, rile, tee off, vex
antonyms:
appease, please, soothe
similar words:
bug, chafe, disturb, gall, hassle, irk, miff, pester, rankle, ruffle
derivations: aggravatingly (adv.), aggravator (n.)
Word Parts
The word aggravate contains the following parts:
ag- Latin prefix that means to, toward
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The prefix ag- occurs in Latin loanwords. It is an assimilated form of ad- used before roots beginning with "g." See ad-.
grav Latin root that means heavy
-ate1 Latin verb-forming suffix that means to make, cause, do
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The suffix -ate primarily forms transitive verbs from Latin bases. Many -ate verbs were loanwords from Latin. Verbs ending in -ate combine with the suffix -ion to form nouns ending in -ation. These verbs also have corresponding agent nouns ending in -ator (navigator, dictator, elevator).