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Abscam in the United States, an FBI investigation in 1978-80, as a result of which several members of Congress were indicted for taking bribes from FBI agents posing as Arab businessmen.
AFL-CIO abbreviation of "American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations."
Albertina Sisulu South African anti-apartheid activist, who is a founding member of the Federation of South African Women and a member of the African National Congress (b.1919).
ANC abbreviation of "African National Congress," South African political party founded in 1912, whose struggle to establish majority rule and eliminate apartheid led to the establishment in 1994 of South Africa's first multi-racial, democratically-elected government.
capitol (cap.) the building in which the U.S. Congress meets. [1/3 definitions]
Civil Rights Act in the U.S., any of several laws intended to protect civil rights, esp. the landmark law passed by Congress in 1964 that aimed to protect the constitutional right to vote and prevent discrimination in places of employment, public facilities and accommodations, and the like.
conference committee in the U.S. Congress, a temporary panel assembled from members of both the Senate and House of Representatives to resolve differences between two versions of a particular bill and create a compromise version.
congress to meet together, esp. as a congress. [1/7 definitions]
congressional (sometimes cap.) of or pertaining to a legislative congress, esp. the U.S. Congress.
Congressional Black Caucus an organization composed of African-American members of the U.S. Congress, formed in 1971 to address legislative matters of concern to African Americans and other minority voters.
Congressional district in U.S. government, any of a state's districts that elect one representative to the national House of Representatives of Congress.
continental a piece of paper money issued by the Continental Congress. [1/6 definitions]
executive privilege the right of the President of the United States to withhold from Congress and the judiciary important information concerning certain executive activities.
Fair Labor Standards Act law passed by the U.S. Congress in 1938 and administered by the U.S. Department of Labor to establish work standards, such as national minimum wage, overtime compensation for certain jobs, and restriction on the use of child labor.
floor leader the legislator chosen by fellow party members to direct party actions on the floor of a legislative assembly, esp. in the U.S. Congress.
Fourteen Points the provisions of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's proposed plan for peace in Europe after World War I, first enumerated in a speech to the U.S. Congress in 1918. The 1919 Treaty of Versailles, which officially ended the war, ultimately included only four of the Fourteen Points, including the creation of a League of Nations.
House of Representatives the lower legislative house in many bicameral governing bodies, as in the U.S. Congress, most U.S. states, and many nations, such as Australia and New Zealand.
Immigration Act of 1917 an exclusionary law passed by the U.S. Congress in 1917 that barred certain classes of people such as "idiots," "alcoholics," "epileptics," and "illiterates" from immigrating to the U.S. and also barred all immigrants coming from the so-called "Asiatic Barred Zone," which included much of Asia; also referred to as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act.
Library of Congress the national library of the United States, originally established by Congress for its members' use, but now serving the public and registering national and international copyright information.
midterm election in the U.S., an election typically featuring candidates for Congress, state legislatures, and state governors that occurs during an even-numbered year that is not a year during which a presidential election is held.
Necessary and Proper Clause the provision in the U.S. Constitution that Congress will have the power to make laws that are necessary and proper for executing the powers vested by the Constitution.