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Counter Reformation an aggressive campaign by the Roman Catholic Church in the sixteenth century that was aimed at countering the effects in Europe of the Protestant Reformation.
house of correction an institution for the confinement and reformation of those convicted of minor offenses who are not regarded as confirmed criminals.
Jesuit a member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order for men, founded in 1534 during the Counter-Reformation.
John Calvin a French theologian and leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland (b.1509--d.1564).
Martin Luther a German theologian and leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany (b.1483--d.1546).
post-Reformation combined form of Reformation.
Prot. abbreviation of "Protestant," any Christian who formally protested in 1529 against the decree that made submission to the authority of Rome mandatory for Christians, or who adhered to the principles of the Reformation. [1/2 definitions]
Protestant any Christian who formally protested in 1529 against the decree that made submission to the authority of Rome mandatory for Christians, or who adhered to the principles of the Reformation. [1/3 definitions]
reformer (cap.) any of the persons who led the Reformation. [1/2 definitions]
self-reformation combined form of reformation.