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abrupt

ab·rupt

abrupt

 
 
pronunciation:
bruhpt
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: adjective
definition 1: sudden and unexpected.
We were surprised by the abrupt change in the weather.
synonyms:
precipitate, quick, sharp, sudden, unexpected
antonyms:
deliberate, gradual
similar words:
headlong, impetuous, instantaneous, unannounced, unforeseen
definition 2: brusque in manner; curt.
His abrupt manner makes him seem impatient or unsympathetic.
synonyms:
brusque, curt, gruff, short
antonyms:
expansive, friendly
similar words:
blunt, brisk, discourteous, impolite, offhand, plump, rude, snappish, uncivil, ungracious
definition 3: sharp; steep.
Yesterday saw an abrupt decline in the stock market.
synonyms:
precipitous, sharp, steep, sudden
antonyms:
gentle, gradual
similar words:
perpendicular, plumb, sheer, vertical
derivations: abruptly (adv.), abruptness (n.)
Word Parts
The word abrupt contains the following parts:
ab-, abs- Latin prefix that means from, away from
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
Most words containing the prefix ab- , abs- are Latin loanwords, so the bases are Latin roots. ab- becomes abs- before bases beginning with "t," such as "tract."
rupt Latin root that means to break, burst