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analogy

a·nal·o·gy

analogy

 
pronunciation:
nae l ji
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
inflections: analogies
definition 1: similarity or correspondence between two otherwise dissimilar things.
There is an analogy between winter and death.
synonyms:
affinity, correspondence, resemblance, similarity
antonyms:
dissimilarity
similar words:
connection, equivalence, homology, identity, kinship, likeness, metaphor, parallelism, relationship, semblance, simile, similitude
definition 2: the likening of one thing to another based on similarity of features.
The teacher drew an analogy between a beehive and a busy factory.
synonyms:
comparison
definition 3: a statement of logic wherein one set of paired items has the same relationship between its two members as two items of another set.
"Finger is to hand as toe is to foot" is an example of a simple analogy.
See a movie for this meaning
 
definition 4: in biology, a similarity in form or function of organs or parts that are of different evolutionary origin.
similar words:
comparison, correspondence, homology, resemblance
definition 5: the process by which linguistic forms change according to existing patterns, esp. by means of comparison.
similar words:
comparison, correspondence, resemblance
Word Parts
The word analogy contains the following parts:
-logy, -ology Greek noun-forming suffix that means study of, science of; written work; structure or principle
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
The suffix -logy , -ology forms nouns from bases that are predominantly Greek roots. It is a terminal form of the root log, logo, -logue which in the vast majority cases signifies the study or science of the subject indicated by the base. In some words, however, -ology carries the meaning "written work" (trilogy ) or "structure" (homology ). See log, logo, -logue. Most nouns ending in -logy , -ology have an adjective form ending in "-ical." (dermatology , dermatological).
Show wordsHide wordsExample words:
aerobiology, aerology, agrobiology, analogy, anesthesiology, anthology, anthropology, apology, archeology, astrology, audiology, axiology, bacteriology, biology, bryology, cardiology, chronology, climatology, conchology, cosmetology, cosmology, craniology, criminology, cytology, demonology, dendrology, dermatology, doxology, ecology, Egyptology, embryology, endocrinology, entomology, enzymology, epistemology, ethnology, ethnomusicology, ethology, etiology, etymology, eulogy, exobiology, gemology, genealogy, geochronology, geology, geomorphology, gerontology, glaciology, graphology, gynecology, hagiology, hematology, herpetology, histology, homology, horology, hypnology, ichthyology, iconology, ideology, immunology, kinesiology, lithology, malacology, mammalogy, martyrology, methodology, microbiology, mineralogy, morphology, musicology, mycology, mythology, necrology, nephrology, neurology, numerology, oceanology, odontology, oenology, oncology, ontology, oology, ophiology, ornithology, osteology, otology, paleethnology, paleontology, parapsychology, pathology, penology, petrology, pharmacology, phenomenology, philology, phonology, phraseology, phrenology, physiology, pomology, primatology, proctology, psychology, psychopathology, psychopharmacology, radiobiology, radiology, scatology, seismology, serology, sexology, Sinology, sociobiology, sociology, somatology, speleology, symbology, symptomatology, tautology, technology, teleology, teratology, terminology, tetralogy, thanatology, theology, topology, trilogy, tropology, typology, urbanology, urology, virology, zoology, zymology
synonyms:
-ics