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expensive

ex·pen·sive

expensive

 
pronunciation:
ihk spen sihv
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: adjective
definition 1: costing a relatively large amount of money, time, or effort; costly.
These were an expensive pair of shoes but they were poorly made.They went out for an expensive dinner to celebrate her promotion.It was an expensive mistake that nearly destroyed the reputation of the company.
synonyms:
costly, dear
antonyms:
cheap, inexpensive
similar words:
excessive, exorbitant, extravagant, high, lavish, precious, priceless, steep, stiff, valuable
definition 2: charging a relatively large amount of money.
I never shop at these expensive stores.It's an expensive restaurant, but it's very popular.
antonyms:
cheap, inexpensive
derivations: expensively (adv.), expensiveness (n.)
Word Parts
The word expensive contains the following parts:
ex- Latin prefix that means out, out of, away from
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The prefix ex- was a Latin preposition and prefix and occurs in English in Latin loanwords, such as exit and expel . It has multiple forms, as the 'x' sound in ex- assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See its assimilated forms e-, ef-, and es-. ex- is also used in the formation of English words such as "ex-partner," where it means "formerly having the status of."
synonyms:
extr-, extra-, exter-
 
pend, pens Latin root that means hang; weigh; spend
-ive, -ative Latin adjective-forming suffix that means tending to, connected with, or performing
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The suffix -ive , -ative turns Latinate verb bases into adjectives. Many adjectives ending in -ive , -ative have corresponding noun forms ending in -ity (objective , objectivity) or -ion (effusive , effusion).