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antecedent

an·te·ced·ent

antecedent

 
 
pronunciation:
aen t si dnt
parts of speech:
adjective, noun
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: adjective
definition: occurring before; previous.
The invention of the radio was antecedent to the invention of the television.
synonyms:
anterior, earlier, former, precedent, preceding, previous, prior
antonyms:
subsequent
similar words:
foregoing, precursory, preliminary
 
part of speech: noun
definition 1: an event, circumstance, or thing coming before another.
The cannon was an antecedent of the gun.
synonyms:
forerunner, precursor
antonyms:
consequence
similar words:
harbinger, predecessor
definition 2: (pl.) ancestors; earlier life.
He was the first of his antecedents to go to college.
synonyms:
ancestors, ancestresses, ancestry, family tree, forebears, forerunners, predecessors, progenitors
similar words:
fathers, forefathers, primogenitors
definition 3: in grammar, the word or word group to which a pronoun refers, as in "The women demanded their rights," in which "women" is the antecedent of "their."
The word "this" has no clear antecedent in this paragraph, so it's difficult to understand what it refers to.
synonyms:
referent
derivation: antecedently (adv.)
Word Parts
The word antecedent contains the following parts:
ante- Latin prefix that means before
synonyms:
pro-2, pre-
antonyms:
post-
 
ced, ces, -ceed, -cede, -cess Latin root that means to go; to go back or yield
-ant, -ent Latin adjective- and noun-forming suffix that means In nouns: one who or that which does the action denoted by the base verb.
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
The suffix -ant , -ent forms adjectives and, to a much lesser extent, nouns from Latin verb stems such as fid in confident and stud in student . This suffix is the equivalent in Latin of the "-ing" inflection in English. Many adjectives ending in -ant , -ent have a corresponding noun ending in -ance, -ence, -ancy, -ency.