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infect

in·fect

infect

 
pronunciation:
ihn fekt
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: infected, infecting, infects
definition 1: to contaminate with germs or disease.
The discarded medical waste infected the water supply.
synonyms:
contaminate
similar words:
affect, blight, canker, communicate, corrupt, defile, poison, taint
definition 2: to cause disease in by the transference of germs.
The younger child infected his brother and his sister with the flu.The filthy bandage infected the cut.
definition 3: to corrupt or contaminate morally, as though with a disease.
He infected his son with his hatred.
synonyms:
corrupt, deprave, pollute
similar words:
canker, contaminate, debauch, defile, degrade, pervert, spoil, vitiate
definition 4: to affect as though by contagion.
The mob was infected with violence.The teacher's unexpected laughter infected the students so that very soon the whole class was in an uproar of hilarity.
synonyms:
inflame, permeate
similar words:
enkindle, excite, imbue, influence, inform, infuse, pervade, poison
derivation: infector (infecter) (n.)
Word Parts
The word infect contains the following parts:
in-1 Latin prefix that means in, into, on
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The prefix in-1 occurs in Latin loanwords and thus attaches to Latin roots (infect , inscribe ). -in1 has multiple forms, as the "n" sound in in- assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See the assimilated forms il-1, im-1, and ir-1.
fac, fic, fec, fact, fect Latin root that means make, do
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This root is also the origin of the suffixes "-fy, -ify, -efy" and "-ification, -efaction".