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iris

i·ris

iris

 
pronunciation:
aI rihs
features:
Word Combinations (noun), Word History, Word Explorer
part of speech: noun
inflections: irides, irises
definition 1: the colored, round membrane surrounding the pupil of the eye.
definition 2: any of various related plants that have sword-shaped leaves and bear showy flowers on an upright spike, or the flower of this plant.
 
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Word History
Iris is an ancient Greek word. In ancient Greece, it was a word for a kind of lily and for the colored ring on the surface of the eye. In English, it still has these meanings. In Greek mythology, Iris was the name of a female messenger of the gods. She appeared to mortals as the rainbow. Our word iridescent comes from the word "iris."
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