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atrophy

at·ro·phy

atrophy

 
pronunciation:
ae tr fi
parts of speech:
noun, transitive verb, intransitive verb
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
inflections: atrophies
definition 1: a gradual wasting away of a body part, esp. from insufficient use or nourishment.
After your surgery, you will have to begin exercise to prevent atrophy of your muscles.
definition 2: any degeneration or wasting away.
He condemned what he sees as moral atrophy in our society.
 
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: atrophied, atrophies, atrophying
definition: to cause to waste away.
Disuse atrophied her arm.
antonyms:
strengthen
 
part of speech: intransitive verb
definition: to waste away.
After the accident, the muscles in her legs atrophied.
antonyms:
flourish, strengthen
derivation: atrophic (adj.)
Word Parts
The word atrophy contains the following parts:
a-1, an-1 Greek prefix that means not, without
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Words prefixed with a-1, an-1 are nouns and adjectives. Some are loanwords from Greek (amorphous , atrophy ). Others are English formations, which may attach the prefix to English words of Latin origin (asocial , amoral ) or Greek origin (apolitical). The form a-1 is used before bases beginning with a consonant, while an-1 is used before bases beginning with a vowel.
troph, tropho, -trophy Greek root that means nourishment