Children's, Intermediate and Advanced Online English Dictionary & Thesaurus

Comprehensive
Dictionary Suite
Help
Help
Help
 
   
Display options
Show syllables
Show Lookup History
Double-Click Lookup
  Show Spanish support
  Show Word Combinations
 
Pronunciation
Wordsmyth
  Phonics
  IPA
 
Entry formats
Standard
  Classic
 
Lookup History
petrify

pet·ri·fy

petrify

 
 
pronunciation:
pe tr faI
parts of speech:
transitive verb, intransitive verb
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: petrified, petrifies, petrifying
definition 1: to turn (organic matter) into stone.
Minerals left behind by water petrify wood by replacing woods cells when they die.
 
similar words:
calcify, deaden, fossilize, freeze, harden, numb, stiffen
definition 2: to make stiff, numb, or lifeless; deaden.
definition 3: to daze or paralyze, as with terror or astonishment.
The sudden scream in the night petrified all the campers.The news of the disaster petrified us.
similar words:
astonish, astound, daze, frighten, immobilize, paralyze, stun, terrify
 
part of speech: intransitive verb
definition: to turn into stone; become petrified.
It takes many years for wood to petrify.
similar words:
fossilize, harden, ossify, solidify
derivations: petrifiable (adj.), petrified (adj.), petrifaction (n.), petrification (n.)
Word Parts
The word petrify contains the following parts:
petr, petro Latin and Greek root that means rock, stone
synonyms:
lith, litho, -lite, -lithic
 
-fy, -ify, -efy Latin verb-forming suffix that means make, cause to be, become
Show wordsHide wordsMore about this word part:
The suffix group -fy , -ify , -efy forms verbs from primarily Latin bases. When -ify attaches to an English base, the base is an adjective (uglify , Frenchify ) or noun (citify , zombify) usually having one syllable or two syllables ending in |i|. Verbs ending in -fy have corresponding noun forms ending in -ion: as a rule, -ify becomes -ification (verify , verification); -efy becomes -efaction (putrefy , putrefaction). See also fac, fic, fec, fact, fect.