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precedent

prec·e·dent

precedent

 
pronunciation:
pre s dnt
parts of speech:
noun, adjective
features:
Word Explorer, Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition 1: an act that serves or may serve as an example for future actions of a similar nature.
Her high grades set a precedent for the class.There is no precedent for this new rule.
synonyms:
example, model, pattern, prototype, standard, yardstick
similar words:
antecedent, criterion, exemplar, paradigm
definition 2: in law, a decision serving as a guidepost for future cases of a similar nature.
The judge's decision was based on precedents rather than on legal theory.
similar words:
antecedent, guide, guideline, precept
 
part of speech: adjective
definition: going before; prior.
synonyms:
antecedent, anterior, foregoing, preceding, preexistent, previous, prior
similar words:
aforementioned, aforesaid, early, former, preliminary
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Word Parts
The word precedent contains the following parts:
ced, ces, -ceed, -cede, -cess Latin root that means to go; to go back or yield
-ant, -ent Latin adjective- and noun-forming suffix that means In nouns: one who or that which does the action denoted by the base verb.
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The suffix -ant , -ent forms adjectives and, to a much lesser extent, nouns from Latin verb stems such as fid in confident and stud in student . This suffix is the equivalent in Latin of the "-ing" inflection in English. Many adjectives ending in -ant , -ent have a corresponding noun ending in -ance, -ence, -ancy, -ency.