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quarantine

quar·an·tine

quarantine

 
pronunciation:
kwa rn tin [or] kwa rn tin
parts of speech:
noun, transitive verb
features:
Word History, Word Explorer
part of speech: noun
definition 1: the enforced separation of people, animals, goods, or the like from others, so as to prevent the spread of contagious illness.
synonyms:
isolation
definition 2: the condition of being so separated, or the time period during which separation is imposed.
synonyms:
isolation
definition 3: punitive isolation enforced for political or social reasons.
a quarantine of socialist countries
 
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: quarantined, quarantines, quarantining
definition: to enforce a quarantine upon; cause to be in quarantine.
The doctor quarantined the patients with whooping cough in a separate part of the hospital.
synonyms:
isolate
similar words:
confine, segregate, sequester
derivation: quarantinable (adj.)
Word History
Quarantine comes from the Italian word for "forty." In the early 1600s, "quarantine" was the forty days that a woman could remain in her husband's house after he died. In the late 1600s, a ship that was suspected of carrying disease was kept in the port for forty days. This period was also called "quarantine."
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