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subjugate

sub·ju·gate

subjugate

pronunciation:
suhb j geIt
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: subjugated, subjugates, subjugating
definition 1: to win mastery over, as by military conquest; subdue; vanquish.
The Mongols subjugated the lands of Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
synonyms:
conquer, rout, subdue, vanquish
similar words:
bow, crush, defeat, master, overpower, overwhelm, quell
definition 2: to force into submission or subservience; enslave.
The nobles subjugated the peasants.
synonyms:
enslave, enthrall, yoke
antonyms:
liberate
similar words:
dominate, enchain, oppress, overthrow, subject, subordinate
derivations: subjugable (adj.), subjugation (n.), subjugator (n.)
Word Parts
The word subjugate contains the following parts:
sub- Latin prefix that means under, after
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The prefix sub- was a Latin preposition and prefix and occurs in English in Latin loanwords, such as subjugate . It is also used in the formation of English words such as subway and subgroup . It has multiple forms, as the 'b' sound in sub- assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See the assimilated forms suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-, sus-, and su-.
synonyms:
hyp-, hypo-, under-
antonyms:
super-, supra-, hyper-
 
-ate1 Latin verb-forming suffix that means to make, cause, do
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The suffix -ate primarily forms transitive verbs from Latin bases. Many -ate verbs were loanwords from Latin. Verbs ending in -ate combine with the suffix -ion to form nouns ending in -ation. These verbs also have corresponding agent nouns ending in -ator (navigator, dictator, elevator).