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aberration

ab·er·ra·tion

aberration

 
 
pronunciation:
ae b reI shn
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition 1: a deviation from what is considered normal or right; irregularity.
The success of the treatment for these particular patients appears to have been an aberration as no other studies have shown such positive effects.They detected aberrations in the airplane's path of flight.
synonyms:
abnormality, anomaly, deviation, irregularity
antonyms:
conformity, normalcy
similar words:
departure, freak, nonconformity, oddity, peculiarity, singularity, vagary, variation
definition 2: a slight deviation in normal mental functioning.
As he entered his nineties, we began to notice aberrations of his personality.
synonyms:
eccentricity, quirk
similar words:
freak, idiosyncrasy, nonconformity, oddity, peculiarity, singularity, vagary, variation, warp
definition 3: an imperfection in an optical lens, or the blurring caused by such an imperfection.
synonyms:
distortion
similar words:
imperfection, irregularity
derivation: aberrational (adj.)
Word Parts
The word aberration contains the following parts:
ab-, abs- Latin prefix that means from, away from
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Most words containing the prefix ab- , abs- are Latin loanwords, so the bases are Latin roots. ab- becomes abs- before bases beginning with "t," such as "tract."
err Latin root that means error, wander
-ation Latin noun-forming suffix that means the act, process, or result of
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The suffix -ation is a compound of -ate1 + -ion. It turns verbs ending in -ate into nouns (decorate/ decoration ). Not all nouns with this suffix, however, have a corresponding verb ending in -ate (information , alteration ).