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byname

by·name

byname

 
pronunciation:
baI neIm
part of speech: noun
definition 1: an alternate but secondary name for an individual or thing.
Mary I, Queen of England, was given the byname "Bloody Mary."Although technically incorrect, "Holland" is sometimes used in English as a byname for the Netherlands.
similar words:
epithet, nickname
definition 2: a surname or descriptive phrase following a name that identifies an individual but is not handed down to offspring.
The Russian ruler Ivan IV earned the byname "the Terrible."
similar words:
epithet