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chromosome

chro·mo·some

chromosome

 
pronunciation:
kro m som
features:
Word Explorer, Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition: one of the tiny, threadlike, DNA-containing bodies found in the cell nuclei of all plants and animals, responsible for transmitting hereditary characteristics.
Certain birth defects are caused by having an abnormal number of chromosomes.
derivations: chromosomal (adj.), chromosomally (adv.)
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See
  cell, reproduction
Word Parts
The word chromosome contains the following parts:
chrom, chromo, chromato, -chrome Greek root that means color, pigment; the element chromium or the substance chromatin
som, somat Greek root that means body