1. a leave of absence or vacation for an enlisted person in the military.
example: They were going to get married during her next furlough.
2. a temporary dismissal of an employee because of a lack of work or other economic reasons; layoff.
example: The airline will impose a furlough on one in ten employees.
1. to grant (someone) a furlough.
2. to lay off (an employee).
example: State agencies have had to furlough workers and cut programs.