definition 1: the study of the structure and formation of phrases and sentences.
example: She is a linguist specializing in German syntax.
definition 2: the rules in a language that govern the structure and formation of sentences.
example: “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously” is a famous example of a sentence that is semantically absurd, but whose syntax is without fault.
definition 3: the word order or pattern of word order in a particular phrase or sentence.
example: The complex syntax used by Henry James makes reading his novels a challenge.