s@ puhr flu @s
definition: being beyond a sufficient amount; excessive.
example: This paragraph is superfluous and could easily be eliminated.
e s@ ter ihk
definition: understood or known only by a few persons who have special training, access, or interests.
example: He wrote a book on the esoteric topic of how to grow ornamental onions.
@ li vi eIt
definition: to make more bearable; ease.
example: A good nurse alleviates suffering.
example: The medication will alleviate the pain, but it will not eliminate it.
definition: to become liable for or bring upon oneself (usually some unwanted or harmful consequence).
example: The duchess incurred an enormous gambling debt.
example: The teenager incurred his parents’ anger by telling them an outrageous lie.
example: If you give false information, you could incur a fine or an even stiffer penalty.
definition: to relate or refer to something; have to do with.
example: The captain knows everything that pertains to the operation of the ship.
example: My question pertains to the speaker’s first point.
example: This matter doesn’t pertain to you, so I’ll ask you to please leave the room.
example: Please bring all the documents that pertain to the case.