aI di a l@ ji [or] I di a l@ ji
definition: the body of beliefs, symbols, and political and social aims that characterizes a particular group or institution.
example: They hoped to spread their political ideology in Southeast Asia.
example: All aspects of our lives were influenced by Catholic ideology.
@d vaen tihj
definition 1: a position or place of superiority or domination.
example: All her preparation gave her the advantage in the debate.
example: Our initiatives have paid off and put us at an advantage over our competitors.
definition 2: something that gives a position of superiority or domination.
example: A degree from a top school is said to be an advantage in competing for a job.
example: The restaurant’s perfect location by the lake is its advantage over the other restaurants in the area.
definition 3: something that is a benefit, profit, or gain.
example: Saving money and avoiding the traffic are advantages of being able to walk to work.
m@ na p@ li
definition 1: complete control over a service or commodity within a given market, so that competition is eliminated.
example: At that time, the telephone company had a monopoly over phone service in the entire region.
example: The law prevented the company from gaining a monopoly.
definition 2: a company that has such control.
example: The Standard Oil Company was a monopoly established by John D. Rockefeller.
example: Anti-trust laws were instituted in order to inhibit the creation of monopolies.
definition 3: possession of something to a degree surpassing what others possess or are able to acquire.
example: She’s always had a monopoly on our mother’s attention.
example: He seems to think he has a monopoly on charm and wit.
definition 1: to protect from injury, harm, or mishap.
example: Using this polish will help preserve the wood.
definition 2: to keep safe from loss.
example: We don’t know how many endangered species can be preserved.
definition 3: to maintain in a relatively unchanged condition, esp. historic buildings or wildlife environments.
example: They’re doing what they can to preserve the animal’s habitat.
definition 4: to prepare (food) so that it can be kept for a long period of time.
example: They often preserved meat by preparing it with salt and smoking it.
o v@r kuhm
definition 1: to defeat or quell in a conflict; succeed in a struggle with.
example: With this bold plan of attack, they hoped to overcome the enemy.
example: We’ll have to overcome many obstacles in order to accomplish this goal.
example: I think this is a problem we can easily overcome if we work together.
definition 2: to cause to be weak or inactive, or to lose consciousness.
example: He struggled to speak, but the drug quickly overcame him.
definition 3: to emotionally overwhelm or render inarticulate.
example: We were overcome by the powerful images of suffering in the film.