tor chu əs
1. changing direction frequently; twisting, winding, or crooked, as a path.
The donkeys made their way down the tortuous path to the base of the canyon.
2. not easy to follow; not straightforward; devious.
I wasn’t sure whether I agreed with his tortuous argument in favor of capital punishment.
ae s@r teIn
definition: to come to know (some information) with complete certainty, especially through a process of investigation; determine.
example: The medical examiner has not yet ascertained the cause of death.
example: Somehow the press ascertained that the prince had plans to marry.
example: The police are trying to ascertain how the thief entered the building.
definition 1: to strive against difficulties or opposition (usually followed by “with”).
example: The ship contended with the high waves until, finally, it capsized.
example: The prime minister is having to contend with criticism from his own party.
definition 2: to strive in competition or rivalry.
example: They are one of several teams contending for the championship title.
definition 3: to strive in argument; dispute; debate.
example: They angrily contended about which plan was best.
example: I don’t want to contend with you about this matter any longer.
definition: to assert in argument; state forcefully
example: I’ve heard your arguments, but I still contend that humanity is basically good.
1. a Hindu who is an expert in Indian law, culture, and religion.
2. one who is learned or expert in some field.
3. an authoritative, or purportedly authoritative, commentator or critic.
I’m no longer interested in what the political pundits have to say on these news programs.
aek na lihj
definition 1: to admit or recognize the truth, existence, fact, or validity of.
example: The professor was forced to acknowledge that the student had been correct after all.
example: He refused to acknowledge the boy as his son.
example: The city’s orchestra is acknowledged to be one of the world’s finest.
example: At first, she did not acknowledge being acquainted with the man.
example: The neighbor finally acknowledged having witnessed the crime.
definition 2: to indicate awareness of.
example: She acknowledged his presence with a slight nod.
definition 3: to show appreciation or thanks for.
example: At the front of the book, she acknowledges her husband’s help with the research.
definition 4: to indicate the receipt of, as a message.
example: We should at least acknowledge their invitation, even if we decide not to go.