Category: Academic Vocabulary of the Day
ihn ten sihv
definition: highly concentrated in a small space or interval of time.
example: The intensive course in French required a lot of homework, and the class met every day.
example: Toward the end of the semester, the students engage themselves in intensive study.
example: Intensive farming in the area increased the general food supply but depleted the soil of nutrients.
kan tr@ vuhr sh@l
definition 1: of, relating to, or characterized by controversy. [controversy = a dispute, esp. a public one, marked by the expression of opposing views.]
example: Immigration is a controversial issue in Sweden where around one in ten residents are not native Swedes.
definition 2: subject to debate.
example: The findings of this study are controversial and further research is being called for.
example: That the dinosaur bones are authentic has been well proven and is no longer controversial.
ihn vaI @rn men t@l
definition 1: of or pertaining to the natural environment, and esp. to the ecological effects of altering it or attempts made to protect it.
example: Environmental pollution is a serious problem.
definition 2: of or pertaining to external conditions or surroundings.
example: Students’ attitudes toward school are very much affected by environmental influences.
example: He examined the relationship between nutrition and stress, but he failed to take into account environmental factors.
definition 3: in medicine, of or relating to hazards originating in the environment, esp. those hazards common to industrialized societies.
example: The root of the workers’ environmental illness proved to be exposure to a toxic chemical on the job.
ihn vaI @rn m@nt [or] ihn vaI r@n m@nt
definition 1: the sum of things, circumstances, and conditions that surround one and may have an effect on one; surroundings.
example: With the warm light, the soft curtains, and the comfortable chairs, they tried to make the doctor’s waiting room a pleasant environment.
example: He was brought up in an environment in which education was highly valued.
example: In the political environment of the time, it was dangerous to write books criticizing the government.
definition 2: the set of things and conditions that constitute the sphere in which a particular type of organism lives and that have an impact on its physical growth and survival.
example: Maintaining a high level of humidity is one way the zoo tries to re-create a tropical environment for birds from tropical regions.
definition 3: the sum of everything that surrounds animals and humans in the natural world, including the air, the water, and the soil (preceded by “the”).
example: Air pollution from cars is one of the causes of harm to the environment.
definition 1: of great severity or intensity
example: The patient is experiencing acute pain in the abdomen.
example: When the hunger pangs became acute, she allowed herself to eat a little.
definition 2: keen; sharp; finely-tuned.
example: A horse has an acute sense of hearing.
example: She has an acute sensitivity to the feelings of others.
definition 3: very critical; crucial.
example: There was an acute shortage of medical supplies at the field hospital.
definition 4: of a disease, occurring suddenly, then rapidly progressing to a peak and coming shortly to an end. (Cf. chronic.
example: Acute rheumatic fever can cause damage to the valves of the heart.
example: Typhoid fever is an acute disease.