Category: Academic Vocabulary of the Day
1. to lose strength or energy; weaken.
With such good care, he should have been gaining strength, but instead he was languishing.
2. to suffer in a state of neglect or indifference.
Without new food supplies or reinforcements, the encamped army languished.
The old woman languished in the nursing home with rarely a visit from one of her children.
3. to yearn or long for someone, esp. in a melancholy way.
For years he languished, unable to think of any other woman.
1. to determine by counting or estimating; make a judgment, as of length, time, or the like; calculate.
The couple reckoned the cost of renovating the entire building.
2. (informal) to have a thought or expectation, or make a judgment that.
I reckon that he just needs time to think over his decision.
1. to make calculations or estimates.
If I reckoned right, we’re within a mile of home.
2. to take as a given; plan on or expect (fol. by “on”).
She reckons on going to college whether her family has the money or not.
kae t@ pUlt
an ancient military machine used to hurl missiles such as large stones, esp. at fortifications.
In medieval times, catapults were often used to shoot burning materials attached to arrows or spears over fortress walls.
1. thrust by or as though by a catapult.
A role in a hit film can catapult an unknown actor into stardom.
to spring up or forward as though hurled by a catapult.
She catapulted over the fence.
1. to move, speak, or function hesitatingly or unsteadily; stumble.
The horse faltered and nearly fell in the final stretch of the race.
The soloist prayed that she would not falter during that evening’s performance.
His voice faltered as he was suddenly overcome with emotion.
The negotiations had been going well, but then they faltered over the issue of paid vacations.
2. to waver in confidence or purpose.
We will not falter in our fight for what is right.
3. to function unsteadily, intermittently, or with diminished power, as a mechanical or electrical device.
It’s unclear why the airplane’s engine faltered during the flight.
ih lu m@ neIt
1. to provide or brighten with, or as if with, light; light up; make radiant.
Lights illuminated the stage.
2. to make clear or understandable; clarify; explain.
The information in the footnotes helps to illuminate the text.
3. to give knowledge to; enlighten.
News magazines nowadays entertain us as well as illuminate us with respect to events in the world.
Will you illuminate us as to your intentions?
4. to decorate (a letter, manuscript, or the like) with colored designs.
The monk illuminated the pages of the gospel with brilliant depictions of Biblical events.