Category: Academic Vocabulary of the Day
nIch [or] nish
definition 1: a crevice or recessed area, esp. an ornamental one set in a wall to hold a statue, urn, or the like.
example: That niche is the best place to display that bust of Beethoven.
example: The climber found a niche for his fingers and somehow pulled himself up.
definition 2: a situation or activity for which a person or organization is especially well suited.
example: He’d always been interested in chemistry but finally found his niche in chemical engineering.
yu tI lih ti
definition 1: the quality or condition of being useful; usefulness.
example: A computer is a machine with great utility.
example: His daughter doubted the utility of learning multiplication tables when a person could simply use a calculator.
example: The gift is very pretty but certainly lacks utility.
definition 2: a public service, system, or supply, or devices related to it.
example: We pay each month for our natural gas supply and other utilities.
ih fI sh@n si
definition 1: the state of being efficient [efficient = operating or performing in an effective and competent manner, with little waste of effort or resources.]
example: One advantage of the newer cars is their efficiency with respect to fuel consumption.
definition 2: the quick, accurate performance of a task, or the ability to so perform.
example: I admire the efficiency of the cashiers at the grocery store.
example: He used to spend a lot of time completing each task perfectly, but now he performs with greater efficiency.
definition 1: a fixed amount allotted by an authority, as of scarce goods in wartime; authorized share.
example: She used her entire week’s ration of meat to make that special dinner.
definition 2: (pl.) fixed daily supplies, as of food to an army; restricted provisions.
example: The sailors were now getting only rations, and fresh water was running short as well.
definition 1: to restrict use or consumption of (scarce goods) to authorized people in authorized amounts.
example: The U.S. government rationed tires during the war due to a shortage of rubber.
definition 2: to distribute (supplies, food, or the like) in allotted amounts.
example: In Britain, many food supplies were strictly rationed even after the war had ended.
definition: the principal or dominant direction or trend of a human activity, thought, or movement.
example: She is an innovator, and her artistic creations have always differed greatly from those of the mainstream.
definition: sharing, agreeing with, or shaped by the prevailing trends and opinions of a group or society.
example: He was somewhat of a radical thinker in his youth, but his ideas have become more mainstream in recent years.
example: The big radio stations play fairly mainstream music.
definition: to integrate or prepare for integration into the prevailing, dominant, or majority group, esp. the integration of disabled or otherwise disadvantaged persons into regular school classes, jobs, and the like.
example: Many students who used to be in special classes are now being mainstreamed.