Category: Academic Vocabulary of the Day

Daily definitions and usage information about general academic vocabulary.

May
06
2016

niche

Posted in Academic Vocabulary of the Day by admin2

nIch  [or]  nish

definition 1:  a crevice or recessed area, esp. an ornamental one set in a wall to hold a statue, urn, or the like.
example:  That niche is the best place to display that bust of Beethoven.
example:  The climber found a niche for his fingers and somehow pulled himself up.

definition 2:  a situation or activity for which a person or organization is especially well suited.
example:  He’d always been interested in chemistry but finally found his niche in chemical engineering.
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May
05
2016

utility

Posted in Academic Vocabulary of the Day by admin2

yu tI  lih ti

noun
definition 1:  the quality or condition of being useful; usefulness.
example:  A computer is a machine with great utility.
example:  His daughter doubted the utility of learning multiplication tables when a person could simply use a calculator.
example:  The gift is very pretty but certainly lacks utility.

definition 2:  a public service, system, or supply, or devices related to it.
example:  We pay each month for our natural gas supply and other utilities.
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May
04
2016

efficiency

Posted in Academic Vocabulary of the Day by admin2

ih fI sh@n si

noun
definition 1:  the state of being efficient [efficient = operating or performing in an effective and competent manner, with little waste of effort or resources.]
example:  One advantage of the newer cars is their efficiency with respect to fuel consumption.

definition 2:  the quick, accurate performance of a task, or the ability to so perform.
example:  I admire the efficiency of the cashiers at the grocery store.
example:  He used to spend a lot of time completing each task perfectly, but now he performs with greater efficiency.
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May
03
2016

ration

Posted in Academic Vocabulary of the Day by admin2

rae sh@n

noun
definition 1:  a fixed amount allotted by an authority, as of scarce goods in wartime; authorized share.
example:  She used her entire week’s ration of meat to make that special dinner.

definition 2:  (pl.) fixed daily supplies, as of food to an army; restricted provisions.
example:  The sailors were now getting only rations, and fresh water was running short as well.

transitive verb
definition 1:  to restrict use or consumption of (scarce goods) to authorized people in authorized amounts.
example:  The U.S. government rationed tires during the war due to a shortage of rubber.

definition 2:  to distribute (supplies, food, or the like) in allotted amounts.
example:  In Britain, many food supplies were strictly rationed even after the war had ended.

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May
02
2016

mainstream

Posted in Academic Vocabulary of the Day by admin2

meIn strim

noun
definition:  the principal or dominant direction or trend of a human activity, thought, or movement.
example:  She is an innovator, and her artistic creations have always differed greatly from those of the mainstream.

adjective
definition:  sharing, agreeing with, or shaped by the prevailing trends and opinions of a group or society.
example:  He was somewhat of a radical thinker in his youth, but his ideas have become more mainstream in recent years.
example:  The big radio stations play fairly mainstream music.

transitive verb
definition:  to integrate or prepare for integration into the prevailing, dominant, or majority group, esp. the integration of disabled or otherwise disadvantaged persons into regular school classes, jobs, and the like.
example:  Many students who used to be in special classes are now being mainstreamed.
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