esh @ lan
definition: a level of authority or rank, as in an organization.
example: She overcame numerous obstacles to reach the top echelon in her company.
aeb hor @ns
definition: a feeling of complete loathing, repulsion, or horror.
example: Her abhorrence of snakes made a visit to the reptile house unlikely.
kag n@ shen ti [or] kag n@ sen ti [or] kan ya shen ti
someone who has exceptional knowledge in a given area, esp. of fashion, literature, or the fine arts; connoisseur.
The jazz cognoscenti revere his recordings, but most people have never heard of him.
ae b@ reI sh@n
a deviation from what is considered normal or right; irregularity.
The success of the treatment for these particular patients appears to have been an aberration as no other studies have shown such positive effects.
They detected aberrations in the airplane’s path of flight.
me l@n ka li
definition: a sad, gloomy, or depressed state or quality.
example: Melancholy overcame her as her thoughts turned to lost opportunities.
example: He’s fallen into melancholy since his wife’s death
example: A feeling of melancholy pervaded the household during those difficult times.
definition: suffering from or tending to suffer from sadness, gloominess, or depression.
example: He was melancholy that evening, thinking of pleasant times in the past.
example: She is a melancholy young woman who would benefit from having friends but seems to prefer solitude.