Category: Word of the Day
1. inclined to be irritable and quarrelsome; cranky.
2. headstrong and hard to discipline; unruly.
Can you assign each quotation to the appropriate definition? (Answers on Monday)
A. “They talked and gossiped among themselves, strangers soon becoming friends, for the normally fractious and outspoken Londoners had forgotten their differences, at least for a day, united in a common purpose….” (Sharon Kay Penman, When Christ and His Saints Slept)
B. “Now there are two ways to ride a fractious horse,’ he explained to the Chicago engineers in 1901. “One is to get on him and learn by actual practice how each motion and trick my be best met; the other is to sit on a fence and watch the beast a while, and then retire to the house and at leisure figure out the best way of overcoming his jumps and kicks.” (Tom D. Crouch, The Bishop’s Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright)
ihn yur or ih nur
to accustom to something unpleasant, especially by continuous or lengthy experience.
By now he was inured to the lack of privacy in prison.
to come into use; become effective.
His right to the inheritance inures on his next birthday.
ek sih krə bəl
1. of very poor quality; extremely inferior.
This is an execrable wine that should never have been served to the guests.
2. worthy of hatred or disgust; loathsome; detestable.
He should receive the harshest penalty the state can inflict for such an execrable crime.
ə se tihk
one who practices extreme self-denial, especially of material comforts and pleasures, and especially for religious reasons.
He had come to see no value in material things and joined a group of ascetics.
1. rigorously simple and disciplined; austere; self-denying.
It was necessary to adopt an ascetic lifestyle during the war.
Their new stepfather imposed an ascetic regimen on the family.
2. extremely strict in religious observances involving self-denial and self-mortification.
The monks lead an ascetic life at the monastery.
dIs ihn sen tihv
something that reduces the motivation or inclination to work or act, especially an economic deterrent.
example: Higher taxes can serve as a disincentive to entrepreneurship.