Grades 9-10 (WVI 4)
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castigate to punish or rebuke, as with severe public criticism; chastise.
defray to pay or assist in the payment of (costs or the like).
derivation the source of a thing; origin.
disavow to deny having (knowledge, intention, or the like).
fractious inclined to be irritable and quarrelsome; cranky.
gauche deficient in manners or other conventions of social behavior; boorish; crude.
hydraulic of, concerning, operated by, or moved by water or another liquid under pressure.
incriminate to show involvement in a crime.
infamy evil or shameful reputation.
inglorious bringing shame or disgrace; shameful; dishonorable.
invalidate to deprive a claim of force or effect by negating its factual or legal basis.
matriarch a woman who acts as head of a family, tribe, or other group of people.
pundit an authoritative, or purportedly authoritative, commentator or critic.
sedulous steady and persistent in an action or duty; diligent.
stipulate to specify or arrange as a condition of an agreement.