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in·de·pend·ence

independence

 
 
pronunciation:
In dih pen dns
features:
Word Combinations (noun), Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition 1: the quality or state of being independent.
synonyms:
freedom, self-determination, self-reliance, self-sufficiency, self-support
antonyms:
dependency
similar words:
autonomy, discretion, individualism, individuality, liberty, mobility, solvency
definition 2: freedom from outside control.
synonyms:
autonomy, freedom, liberty, self-determination, self-government, self-rule, sovereignty
similar words:
detachment, separation
Word Combinations  About this feature
adjective + (n.)independence bloody, complete, conjugal, economic, editorial, eventual, fierce, financial, formal, functional, growing, intellectual, judicial, outright, political, relative, sovereign, territorial, unilateral
verb + (n.)independence achieve, advocate, assert, attain, celebrate, compromise, crush, declare, demand, endorse, favor, fight, foster, gain, grant, guarantee, maintain, preserve, proclaim, promote, recognize, regain, rescind, restore, retain, secure, seek, strive, undermine, value, vote [See all][See only the most frequent]
noun + (n.)independence Help advocate, anniversary, aspiration, assertion, auditor, autonomy, blockbuster, carrier, chi-square, colony, creativity, decade, declaration, dependence, drive, energy, equality, freedom, guerrilla, integrity, proclamation, province, quest, recognition, referendum, republic, self-confidence, self-determination, shuttle, sovereignty, struggle, transition, unification, unity [See all][See only the most frequent]
Word Parts  About this feature
The word independence contains the following parts:
in-2 Latin prefix that means not, without
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The prefix in-2 occurs in Latin loanwords and attaches to Latinate bases. The bases of most words prefixed with in-2 are independent adjectives (inadvertent , incognizant ), although the base adjective may no longer be in widespread use (as with incessant ). Exceptions include iniquitous and indignant . -in2 has multiple forms, as the 'n' sound in in-2 assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See the assimilated forms ig-, il-2, im-2, and ir-2.
pend, pens Latin root that means hang; weigh; spend
-ance, -ence, -ency, -ancy Latin noun-forming suffix that means state, quality, or act of
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The suffix group -ance , -ence , -ency , -ancy attaches to verbs and Latin verb stems to create nouns. The suffix -ance is usually attached to whole English words, whereas -ence is usually attached to roots: compare eloquence and acceptance . For most nouns ending in -ance , -ence , -ency , -ancy , there is a correponsponding adjective form ending in -ant, -ent.