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sterilize

ster·i·lize

sterilize

 
pronunciation:
ste r laIz
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: transitive verb
inflections: sterilized, sterilizes, sterilizing
definition 1: to free of live microorganisms; decontaminate.
antonyms:
contaminate
definition 2: to render unable to reproduce, as by removing or damaging the reproductive organs.
derivations: sterilizable (adj.), sterilizer (n.)
Word Parts
The word sterilize contains the following part:
-ize, -ise Greek verb-forming suffix that means to turn into or cause to be
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The suffix -ize , -ise forms transitive verbs from adjectives (civilize ) and nouns (crystallize ). The oldest English verbs ending in -ize were loanwords from Greek (baptize , catechize ).