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Dictionary Suite
amphetamine a drug that stimulates the central nervous system, depressing appetite and heightening activity.
autonomic in physiology, of or relating to the autonomic nervous system. [1/3 definitions]
autonomic nervous system the part of the nervous system in vertebrates that controls involuntary bodily processes, such as the operation of the heart, stomach, and glands; sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems together.
beriberi a disease of the nervous system, caused by lack of thiamine and characterized by paralysis of the extremities and by swelling or emaciation.
beta blocker any of a class of drugs that inhibit the absorption of adrenalin and the activity of the autonomic nervous system, and are used to control the heartbeat and relieve angina and hypertension.
botulism an often lethal disease of the nervous system caused by ingesting even small amounts of the toxin botulin, produced by a bacterium that grows in poorly preserved or spoiled foods.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy a fatal disease, also known as "mad cow disease," that affects the nervous system of cattle.
brain the organ of the central nervous system contained within the skull, which thinks, interprets sensations, and coordinates motion and other activity in the rest of the body. [1/5 definitions]
brain imaging the branch of medicine that deals with producing images of the brain and nervous system; neuroimaging. [2 definitions]
chorea a disease of the nervous system in humans and dogs whose symptoms include uncontrollable jerking movements of the face, arms, and legs.
dextroamphetamine a solid compound used to stimulate the central nervous system and control the appetite.
ectoderm an animal embryo's outermost layer of cells, from which the skin, nervous system, and sense organs develop.
enterovirus a genus of virus that can cause disease in human and other mammals. Infection typically begins in the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas, including the nervous system.
epilepsy a nervous system disorder that causes repeated lapses in physical or mental function, often including convulsions and unconsciousness.
fightorflight response activation of the sympathetic nervous system that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event and readies the body for action.
histoplasmosis a mild infection or severe disease caused by a fungus taken into the body, sometimes attacking various organs or the nervous system.
Huntington's chorea an inheritable disorder of the nervous system causing progressive deterioration of the mental processes.
hydrophobia a deadly viral disease of the central nervous system, usu. transmitted by the bite of an infected animal; rabies. [1/2 definitions]
hypothalamus the part of the brain below the thalamus in the ventral region of the diencephalon, important in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system and body temperature.
impulse in the nervous system, a transmitting of energy between neurons. [1/5 definitions]
kuru a fatal viral disease that affects the nervous system, occurring in New Guinea.