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amphiprostyle having a row of columns at each end but none along the sides, as an ancient Greek temple.
Candlemas a Christian religious celebration held on February 2, in which the blessing of candles for sacred use is performed to commemorate the purification of the Virgin Mary and the presentation of the infant Jesus Christ in the temple.
capitol (cap.) the ancient temple of Jupiter in Rome, or the hill on which it stands. [1/3 definitions]
frieze in architecture, an ornamental band with lettering, design, or sculpture, as above the columns in a classic temple, between the architrave and the cornice, or around the top of a room or building.
Hanukkah an eight-day festival beginning on the twenty-fifth day of Kislev in which, by lighting the menorah each night, Jews celebrate the victory of the Maccabees over the Syrians, the rededication of the temple at Jerusalem, and the miracle of the lamp.
holy of holies the inner chamber of the Jewish tabernacle and temple, that housed the ark of the covenant. [1/2 definitions]
house of worship a church, temple, mosque or other place where religious services are carried out.
joss house a Chinese temple or shrine which houses idols that are worshiped.
Maccabees the members of a ruling Jewish family who defeated the Syrians in 167 B.C. and rededicated the temple in Jerusalem, these events being commemorated in the festival of Hanukkah.
muttonchops side whiskers on either side of a clean-shaven chin, that are rounded and broad at the lower jaw and narrow at the temple.
naos an ancient temple, or the inner part of such a temple, housing the statue of a deity.
pagoda a religious temple of eastern or southern Asia, often Hindu or Buddhist and having elaborate roof lines at each of many different levels.
pantheon a temple dedicated to all of a people's gods. [1/4 definitions]
Parthenon the temple of Athena built in the Doric style in the fifth century B.C. on the Acropolis in Athens.
prostyle having a portico with columns in the front only, as a classical Greek temple. [1/2 definitions]
pylon a tall, massive structure that serves to delineate an approach, as to a bridge or, esp., to an ancient Egyptian temple. [1/3 definitions]
Pythian of or pertaining to ancient Delphi, the temple of Apollo there, or the oracle of that temple. [1/2 definitions]
Qoricancha an Incan sun temple located in Curzo, Peru.
sanctum sanctorum the innermost or most holy chamber of the ancient temple in Jerusalem; holy of holies. [1/2 definitions]
Shirley Temple1 singing and dancing child star of American movies in the 1930s, later a U.S. diplomat (as Shirley Temple Black); born Shirley Jane Temple (b.1928).
Shirley Temple2 a non-alcoholic cocktail named after the child movie star Shirley Temple. (See Temple, Shirley.)