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calque

 
pronunciation:
kaelk
part of speech: noun
definition: a word adopted into one language from another through the translation of each root or morpheme of the foreign word.
In English, the word "masterpiece" is a calque of the Dutch word "meesterstuk."In French, the word "gratte-ciel" is a calque based on the translation of the words "scrape" and "sky" in the English compound word "skyscraper."